Embolization is one of the most efficient method of removing uterine fibroids. Uterine fibroids affect 50% of women over 35. Embolization is a new method where there is no need to remove a fibroid or the entire reproductive organ. As the result of this treatment the women who suffered from uterine fibroids, which prevented them from having children, usually one year after the treatment become pregnant.
- Allergy to contrast agents,
- Chronic renal disease,
- Untreated thyroid disorders,
Before the treatment
Before the treatment of uterine fibroid embolization it’s necessary to consult the specialist. During the consultation the doctor orders the patient to undergo necessary examinations before the treatment. The examinations are as follows:
- A vaginal wet mount,
- Mucosa histology (in certain cases),
- Vaginal ultrasonography,
- Magnetic resonance,
- Blood tests.
The treatment is carried out after menstruation ( before 14 day of the cycle). Before the treatment it’s necessary to avoid food and drinks, you can only drink some water along with regularly taken drugs, if necessary.
Uterine fibroid embolization is carried out under local anaesthesia. A specialist inserts a catheter into the artery by puncture, which is used to apply the contrast agent to visualize the artery on the computer screen. Another stage is to apply embolizing agent, through the above mentioned catheter, to vessels which provide the fibroids with blood, as the result of this preparation, the vessels are subject to closure and do not provide the fibroids with blood, consequently contributing to their ‘death’. The treatment lasts around 30 minutes.
After the treatment
After the uterine fibroid embolization treatment it’s not allowed to get up and sit for around 10 hours, in order to prevent from bleeding or blood clots. 3 hours after the treatment one can have a meal. The patient is discharged to home after 24 hours. After the treatment, slight spotting might occur for approximately 3 days, whereas there might be a bit higher temperature or tiny pain in stomach for about one month. The patient returns to regular menstrual cycle after about 3 months, then it’s necessary to see the physician to examine the effects of the treatment.